Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The path of research is one taken by many scientists to answers questions that plague the medical community and those who are served by it. For many years people have been seeking justifications and explanations of the natural incidences that arise on earth, one instance being Lyme Disease. Like plants, Lyme Disease is quite multiplex. Lyme Disease requires extensive research and freedom to pursue various pathways of inquiry and analysis to obtain understanding. Many may argue that research does not have limitations as long as the mind has a yearning, aspiration, and fascination for knowledge; however, there are obstacles faced by many regarding the extent in which Lyme Disease is permitted to be addressed. Some agencies have guidelinesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦People that live in Northwestern and Midwestern areas are at greater risk of becoming infected as stated by Elizabeth Maloney, a family physician from Wyoming. The age groups most commonly affected are five to nine year olds and sixty to sixty four year olds as stated by Christina A. Nelson, who works with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In many instances, people may be oblivious to the infection due to the fact that the tick bites are not palpable. Many may go weeks, months, or even years without experiencing symptoms from the infection. Lyme Disease can affect several systems in the human body (Maloney 4). The first system to express any manifestations of Lyme Disease is the integumentary system which consists of skin, hair, and nails. The skin will develop erythema migrans (EM) twenty percent of the time; however, as stated by the CDC, thirty percent of those infected do not materialize a rash (Maloney 5). The next system to be affected is the nervous system, which is essentially the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s control system. When this system experiences conditions such as facial nerve palsy or meningitis, it affects the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ motor skills and productivity (Maloney 5). Additionally, Lyme Disease has a profound impact on the skeletal system (Maloney 5). People with Lyme Disease will develop arthritis in the knees and joints, making daily activities formidably painful, tedious, and difficult. The amount of people faced with this disease is greatly
Friday, May 15, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 704 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/05/13 Category Literature Essay Level High school Tags: Moby Dick Essay Did you like this example? Herman Melville began working on his novel Moby Dick in 1850, intending to write a report about the whaling voyages. In Moby-Dick, the story revolves around young Ishmael. Ishmael sacrificed his life to find the whale who he lost his leg to. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Moby Dick by Herman Melville" essay for you Create order He forces his men to help find Moby Dick, the Great White Whale. He is hopeless to find him, because he is hoping to get revenge. Melvilles use of symbols like Moby Dick, Doubloon, and the coffin, helps the reader explore the theme of good vs evil. To do this he uses literary devices to accomplish the exploration of the theme. In the novel Melville uses a vast amount of symbols in search for a true explanation of good vs evil, his relationship and his fate with god. One symbol Melville uses, is Moby-Dick. The white whale is associated with the theme, good vs evil. In this case he would represent evil. The whale symbolizes opposition to Ahab and mystery. The whale may represent the limits of man to control this wildness of the natural world. One example of how the author uses Moby Dick as a symbol is when he says Its a white whale I say a white whale. Skin your eyes for him, men; look sharp for white water; if ye see but a bubble, sing out.(Melville). This quote shows that the captain wanted to get revenge to the Whale. To show how Ishmael will get revenge he uses foreshadowing. This indicates how he was planning on getting revenge. One other symbol used would be the doubloon. Ahab offers his crew members the reward of the doubloon if they spy Moby Dick. The doubloon, symbolizes the act of drawing everyone into the search of Moby Dick. By using this coin to get everyone into finding Moby Dick, it motivates them to all help for the search of the whale. The coin represents the stable center of the ship that endanger of being destroyed. During the story, Melville shows what he uses the coin for by saying I was one of that crew; my shouts had gone up with the rest;my oath had been welded with theirs; and stronger I shouted, and more did I hammer and clinch my oath, because of the dread in my soul, With greedy ears I learned the history of that murderous monster against whom I and all the others had taken our oath of violence and revenge(Melville). This shows that the crew members were eager to be the one to get the coin. Melvilles use of diction shows that he convinced his crew to help him get revenge on the white whale, which helps show the theme altogether. Along with the whale and coin, another symbol would be Queequegs coffin. This symbolizes life and death. Queequeg built the coffin when he is was ill, but when he recovers, he has no use for it, so it becomes a chest to hold his belongings and an emblem of his will to live. The coffin further comes to symbolize life. By the end of the story, the coffin is what keeps Ishmael the only one alive. Melville foreshadows imminent death for Ahab employing the coffin imagery. In the novel when it says,?I have forgotten to mention that, in many things, Queequeg placed great confidence in the excellence of Yojos judgment and surprising forecast of things; and cherished Yojo with considerable esteem, as a rather good sort of god (Melville). This shows that the theme good vs evil. Melville uses allusions to show how the coffin is a good thing in the novel, because its keeping people living. Moby Dick is a story of adventure and determination. To sum it all up, Ahabs obsession with the white whale to get revenge fails. To show good vs evil, Melville used literary devices to show symbolism. By using the whale, doubloon, and the coffin as symbols the reader was able to explore the theme, good vs evil. Although in the novel, the focus has been shifted to the dangers of seeing things from only one point of view and to the struggle between good and evil, we are able to understand the exploration of the theme.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the early 1880Ã¢â¬â¢s, the powers of Europe started to take control of regions in Africa and set up colonies there. In the beginning, colonization caused the Africans little harm, but before long, the Europeans started to take complete control of wherever they went. The Europeans used their advanced knowledge and technology to easily maneuver through the vast African landscape and used advanced weapons to take control of the African people and their land. The countries that claimed the most land and had the most significant effect on Africa were France, England, Belgium, and Germany. There were many reasons for the European countries to be competing against each other to gain colonies in Africa. One of the main reasons was that theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Before the Europeans began to explore Africa, little was known about the continent. However, after some initial exploration of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much the y could profit from it. At the time, European countries had only small colonies in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the resources in the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African regions and assume control. This led to Ã¢â¬Å" the raceÃ¢â¬ and ultimately, the partition of Africa. There were many motives for the Europeans to imperialize Africa. There were humanitarian and religious goals, political goals, military goals, and most importantly, there were economic interests. During the Berlin conference, The European powers decided that they were going to spread the three CÃ¢â¬â¢s (Christianity, Commerce, and Civilization) in Africa. To do this, the conference had three aims Ã¢â¬Å" Ensure free trade for all nations throughout the Congo, to ensure free navigation for all countries on the Niger River of West Africa, and agree to set rules by which the Europeans could proceed to divide the rest of the continent.Ã¢â¬ (Part II: The Eu ropean Conquest, Pg 11). Later in the document it states that not one African representative was present at the Berlin Conference to discuss Africas future. The European people tricked themselves into thinking that what they were doingShow MoreRelatedEuropean Imperialism in Africa Essays1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImperialism By the late 19th and early 20th century, Europe was expanding its borders. In an attempt to grow its economy and culture, EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s superpowers began to search for new soil. Africa was an easy target; it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t politically secure and it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t modernized. In addition, it had reliable soil which would enable Europe to produce cash crops. European nations began to pour into Africa, called the Scramble for Africa. Soon, Europe took control of Africa, taking raw materials and destroyed AfricanRead MoreEuropean Imperialism in Africa Essay1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, was starting for a land grab in the African continent. Around 1878, most of Africa was unexplored, but by 1914, most of Africa, with the lucky exception of Liberia and Ethiopia, was carved up between European powers. There were countless motivations that spurred the European powers to carve Africa, like economical, political, and socioÃ¢â¬âcultural, and there were countless attitudes towards this expansion into Africa, some of approval and some of condemnation. 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The AfrikanersRead MoreWinds of Change: European Imperialism in Africa Essay1091 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesby aliens, they were invaded by foreigners. They were invaded by Christian missionaries from England. The natives did not believe the stories of their neighboring village being destroyed and suffered the consequences. When British imperialism found its way into Africa it had quite profound effects on the indigenous populations such as deterioration of ancient tribal practices, hostile situations, and death and suffering on both sides. In the village of Umuofia, located near the lower Niger RiverRead More Migration and Disease in Africa during European Imperialism Essay735 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Relationship between Migration and Disease in Africa during European Imperialism During the era of European Imperialism, from approximately 1880 to 1930, an increasing number of Europeans began to colonize West Africa. Because of this colonization many African natives migrated eastward, inadvertently transporting diseases to which the East Africans were not immune (Ransford 76). This phenomenon can be explained through examining the implications of geographical isolation, theRead MoreWhat Was the Driving Force Behind European Imperialism in Africa628 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAndres Lugo Professor William Hendricks March 17, 2015 World Civilizations II Domination of resources The European powers that were in much need for resources during the 1500s through 1800s were Great Britain, France and Germany. During 1500 and 1800 Africa seemed like an impossible feat to conquer because of malaria but this wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop the persistence of the leaders of France and Great Britain. The idea of exploring and conquering new land meant more to these leaders because of the motivation
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Case Study-Spambot Leaks More Than 700m Email Addresses In Massive Data Breach. Answer: Description of the problem The report mainly focuses on the cyber security news Spambot data breach which occurred on 30 August 2017. It is identified that due to the data breach more than 700 email as well as number of passwords have publicly leaked. There are millions of passwords, which is contained within this data breach. This because of the spammer who collect information as well as data in an attempt to break in to the email account of the users and generally sends spam under the name of the users (Hern, 2017).The data that was generally available as the spammers are unable to secure the servers due to which any visitor can be able to download information without requiring any type of credentials. It is found that there are more than 700 email addresses but most of them are not generally linked with the real accounts. Some of the email addresses are generally scrapped inaccurately from the public. In addition to this, finding data oneself does not helps in providing information about the destination whe re the email addresses was obtained. The leak generally helps in highlighting the fact that passwords can be the root cause of many types of security related problems for organizations. Reasons of occurrences The Spambot data breach mainly occurs because the spammers are not able to provide proper security to the servers and thus any visitor can download files without requiring proper credentials. It is very much difficult to know the destination of place from where the files have been downloaded. The spammers generally collect information and break in to the email account of the users under the name of spam. It is identified that millions of email addresses as well as passwords are leaked due to the data breach (Whittaker, 2017). It is identified that the information mainly leaked after the cyber criminals allowed the visitors within the servers to download various database without proper password as well as username. The bot generally assist in spreading of malware that generally steals various types of bank details that mainly causes people to transmit various types of viruses. It is identified that many of the email addresses are not properly linked to the real accounts as some of the accounts are not properly scraped from various public net while others appear to have been guessed by adding appropriate words in front of standard domain to generate. Possible solutions The organization is taking proper protection of various data as well as information of the customers with the help of a robust program, which continually helps in reviewing as well as updating the latest online threats. It is found that additional measures are needed for preventing various security breaches and the measures are provided below: Secure transfer: The files as well as folders must be transferred properly in a quite secured way for preventing breach. Shared files: The organization must shred different types of folders as well as files before disposing proper storage equipment (Joshi Singh, 2017). Reduction of data transfer: The data transfer from one email address to another must be reduced in order to prevent security breach. Other application must be utilized which can be helpful in retrieving information. Monitoring data leakage: It is identified that security control must be checked periodically that helps in allowing the security team to have proper control on the network (Choong et al., 2016). Security training: It is quite important to provide proper privacy as well as security training so that clients as well as others related to the data can bring proper awareness so that this type of security breach will be avoided. References Choong, P., Hutton, E., Richardson, P., Rinaldo, V. (2016, January). ASSESSING THE COST OF SECURITY BREACH: A MARKETER'S PERSPECTIVE. InAllied Academies International Conference. Academy of Marketing Studies. Proceedings(Vol. 21, No. 1, p. 1). Jordan Whitney Enterprises, Inc. Hern, A. (2017).Spambot leaks more than 700m email addresses in huge data breach.the Guardian. Retrieved 2 September 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/aug/30/spambot-leaks-700m-email-addresses-huge-data-breach-passwords Joshi, M., Singh, V. K. (2017). Data Security Breach as Perceived Risk and its Influence on Consumer Purchase Decision.Asian Journal of Research in Business Economics and Management,7(8), 187-196. Whittaker, Z. (2017).711 million email addresses ensnared in "largest" malware spambot.ZDNet. Retrieved 2 September 2017, from https://www.zdnet.com/article/onliner-spambot-largest-ever-malware-campaign-millions/
Monday, April 13, 2020
Words can cause pain. Two of the main reasons people are bullied are because of appearance and social status. Bullies pick on people they think dont fit in, usually because of how they look, how they act, their race, religion, or sexual preference. There are three main types of bullying such as physical bullying, verbal bullying and cyber bullying.Bullying does not just effect children but dulls as well, bullying is a serious problem that needs to be prevented because of the negative effects it has mentally and physically on both the victim and the one doing the bullying and with the right education people can prevent bullying from happening. Solutions to bullying include gathering people together to talk about this serious issue and educating them as to how this is negatively affecting our schools, community, and workplace. Of the three main types of bullying which include physical, verbal and cyber bulling, physical bullying is said to be the worst of type, physical violence twine two people for example; hitting, pushing kicking, tripping, slapping, spitting. We will write a custom essay sample on Sticks And Stones or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Middle school is said to be the age that bullying is the most common, this is the age where young people want more to fit in with their peers, making some students more likely to bully or condone bullying to fit in, when those who dont fit in stand out more as victims. (falsifications. Erg) The victim is almost always weaker than the bully researchers have found that depressed individuals hold negative views of themselves, the world, and the future. The negative expectations characterize hopelessness and can tem from stressful events that have occurred (Spillages Swear 64). These negative views of themselves can easily make them weaker and viewed as a target. Some signs that a student may be a victim of physical bullying are bruises, cuts, unexplained injuries, skipping certain classes or events, withdrawing from others, displaying low self esteem etc. Aggression can be often be mistaken for (physical) bullying, bullying may be considered a subset of aggression, characterized by what is sometimes referred to as Double IR (imbalance of power, intentional acts, and repeated ever time). The bully is usually more powerful than the victim and commits aggressive behaviors i (Orphans Horns 14) It is easy to mix up the two terms bullying vs.. Aggressive behavior but they do have two different meanings.An example in the Harry potter Books, written by Rolling, there is a villainous character named Dorado Mallory who engages in aggressive behaviors directed at Harry Potter. These behaviors are considered aggressive behavior though, not bullying because both of the student have similar levels of power. If Dorado chose someone with less power and not able o fight back or defend themselves then that indeed would be considered bullying, because of the imbalance of the skill sets between the two. The next form of bullying is cyber bullying, The National Crime Prevention Council describes cyber bullying as when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones. Cyber bullying is getting more and more popular as technology takes over our society. Almost all children/adults eve some form of technology that allows them to be a victim, or a bully.Hiding behind a computer screen is easy and things can be said without automatic consequences. Cyber bullying is said to not just be a onetime event, there are usually a few encounters that escalate. In this type of bullying there isnt usually just one bully and one victim, the roles tend to switch. Cyber bullying does have consequences and when caught; the national crime prevention council explains the punishment may rise to the level of a misdemeanors cyber harassment charg e, or if the child is young enough may result in the charge of juvenile delinquency. Most of the time the cyber bullying does not go that far, although parents often try and pursue criminal charges, it typically can result in a child losing their ISP or IM accounts as a terms of service violation. In some cases, if hacking or password and identity theft is involved, can be a serious criminal matter under state and federal law. The third form and the most hard to detect is verbal bullying, this type of bullying can be any kind of name calling, gossiping, spoken abuse, this type f bullying occurs when someone uses language to gain power over their peers.This is the type of bullying that may be commonly mixed up with teasing. Teasing is dynamic social interactions comprised of a set of verbal and or non verbal behaviors that occur among peers and is humorous and playful on one level but may be annoying to the target child on another level. Some amounts of teasing are normal but when teasing becomes (verbal) bullying, it becomes repetitive or when there is intent to hur t another emotionally/psychologically . Verbal bullying is the toughest type of bulling to identify such the attacks are not physical and it causes emotional and psychological damage to the victim. This form of bullying is also more prevalent among female bullies, whereas male bullies tend to take the physical form. Besides the difference of the types of bullying there are gender differences in bullying. In general, boys are more likely to engage in physical bullying than girls however, gender differences in verbal bullying are less consistent girls are often cited as using more relational aggression(e. G. Threatening to withdraw from a relationship) than boys (Spillages Swear 16). Girls use rebel bullying as well as social exclusion techniques to dominate others and show their superiority and power. However, there are boys that use verbal techniques for domination they also use words when they want to avoid physically bullying someone else (falsifications. Org). Over all girls tend to be move verbal and base their arguments based on body image. When boys on the other hand have more of a physical intimidation, boys will engage in bullying with other boys and girls when usually girls will only bully other girls typically.Both genders and the way they bully, is equally harmful in their own says. When a bullying situation takes place the victim suffers short and long term effects. Mark Demoded wrote an article describing some short term effects, he included anger, depression, anxiety of settings in which the bullying may occur, greater incidence of illness and lower grades than non bullied peers. When Demoded took a survey on bullying experiences, he found that, of the people attempted suicide secondary to having been bullied, whereas he said only 3% of participants who were not bullied attempted suicide. Bullying is not just a short term event bullying carries on into adult hood The long ERM effects that Demoded listed are reduced occupational opportunities, difficulty trusting people, increased tendency to want to be alone, self esteem problems etc. These short term and long term effects have mental and physical effects on the victims that last long term and seriously affect each person that was bullied. With the right amount of counseling or coping these effects can sometimes be undone but it takes a lot of mind set and confidence building.When one thinks of bullying one tends to think mainly of the effects it has on the victim but the bully him or herself does suffer some short and long ERM effects as well, bullying is violence, and it often leads to more violent behavior as the bully grows up. Its estimated that 1 out of 4 elementary- school bullies will have a criminal record by the time they are 30. (falsifications. Org) Some teen bullies end up being rejected by their peers and lose friendships as they grow older. Bullies may also fail in school and not have the career or relationship success that other people enjoy. Outbuilding. Gob states that, people who do bully others are more likely to abuse alcohol and other drugs in adolescence and as life goes on, get into sights, vandalize property, drop out of school, engage in early sexual activity, have criminal convictions and traffic citation as adults, and be abusive toward their romantic partners, spouses, or children as adults, which brings up the topic of the bullying cycle. The bullying cycle is a vicious cycle where everyone involved is typically hurt in some form.The bullying cycle consists of three parts the first being the person who bullies, the next the victim who gets bullied and last, the larger group that allows the bullying to continue which is usually the peer group. This cycle keeps on going because people let it. In order to stop this cycle says the bullied person needs to stand up for him or herself and report to authority fi gures that the bullying is going on. Bullying is not just something that happens in schools it happens in the work place as well.Most adults who are bullies were most likely bullies as children, and the cycle is continuing through their life still. Teresa Daniel the author of the book Stop Bullying at Work describes work place bullying as, a global concept that incorporates harassment, intimidation, and aggressive or onetime violent behaviors. Its said the bullying behaviors are repeated and attempted by one person to torment, wear down, and frustrate or get a reaction from another. It is treatment which persistently provokes, pressures, frightens and intimidates or otherwise discomforts another person while in the work place. Daniel 6) Daniels took a survey and found that in the recent U. S. Workplace bullying survey which asked why bullying happens, respondents reported the following, fifty six percent of bullying in the work place happens because of some aspects of the personality, twenty percent aid it was the bullys because of the targets personality, while only fourteen percent suggested it was due to systemic issues that are a result of the organizational work environment (31 There are many different types of bullying from physical, cyber, and verbal, to work place bullying.Bullying is an action that affects people of all ages and has short term effects along with some severe long term mental and social effects. Bullying does not only affect the victim but the one bullying as well. There needs to be something done about this awful action. Where do we go from here? Many bullying victims are reluctant to talk about their experiences, making it even harder to help them. Try to notice the symptoms of a victim such as low self esteems, low confidence, physical marks o n the body, etc.The first step in treating the situation is identifying the problem. You need to take an active part, you then need to report the bullying behaviors, show support to the victims and show them that someone out there does care about them. Also, if you can possibly step into the situation stick up for the victim, if you are a teacher you need to make the kids in your classroom aware of the problem. Make some classroom rules against bullying, open up a discussion, let children know if there is a problem you are there to help.Being a teacher you have the responsibility to make sure the kids know what behaviors are acceptable and set consent nuances for when these parameters are ignored. For adult bullying and bullying in the work place, employers also need to be there to set guidelines. Bullying is a serious topic and is not something to be taken lightly. Overall, we can conclude bullying does not just affect children but adults as well, bullying is a serious problem that needs to be prevented because of the active effects it has mentally and physically o n both the victim and the one doing the bullying.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Artificial Knowledge in the Truman Show Essay Essays Artificial Knowledge in the Truman Show Essay Essay Artificial Knowledge in the Truman Show Essay Essay In the film Ã¢â¬Å"The Truman Show. Ã¢â¬ one epistemic job that is being tackled is the job of how adult male is able to go cognizant of things that he one time had no thought approximately. Do we acquire to cognize things or do we get cognition because of our mere experiences of things or does it affect something more than that? In order to hold a better appreciation of the inquiry at manus. John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s intervention of human cognition and experience can supply us with a model to get down with. John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s construct of thetabula rasaTells us that in the beginning we do non basically have any thoughts and cognition. It is through experience that we are able to get thoughts and. hence. cognition of the universe we live in. As Locke will state us. the head is ab initio presumed to be like that of a white paper. nothingness of all features and without any thoughts. Possibly one manner to construe LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s premise is that it is through our interaction with the universe and with others that we begin to derive cognition piece by piece from the clip that we gain consciousness from childhood. The film Ã¢â¬Å"The Truman ShowÃ¢â¬ is one which portrays the life of a adult male who appears to hold been populating in an unreal universe all along- a telecasting show. That is. everything around him is set-up. which includes the decease of his male parent up to the clip when he becomes an grownup. All of his day-to-day experience has been predetermined and that every other person in that unreal society knows that Truman Burbank. the chief character in the film. is populating in an unreal universe. Throughout the class of his life. Truman acquires knowledge through his day-to-day interactions with those around him. Apparently. these many things which surround him are basically imitations or shut to being an exact transcript of the things in the existent universe. Since TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s universe is a universe of artificiality. one may reason that the cognition that he is able to get is cognition which is unreal or an imitation of the existent cognition in the existent universe. In general. it can be pointed out that the cognition of Truman is unreal and. hence. non existent exactly because the universe where he lives and the universe which he acquires his cognition from is non the existent universe but one which has been specifically constructed for the intent of a telecasting show. With respect to the instance of Truman. Locke will most probably state us that even though TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s universe is unnaturally constructed. Truman is however able to get cognition which he makes usage in his day-to-day covering with other people around him. But more to being able to get cognition. it can be said that the cognition that Truman is able to get is unreal. Populating in an unreal universe set-up for the primary intent of making a telecasting show which is supposed to run throughout oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life-time. it is inevitable that what one knows are things which are entirely based on what one has experienced in that unreal universe. Indeed. it will be unlogical to state that TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s cognition is that of the existent universe merely because Truman hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t had any contact with the existent universe outside of his unreal society which might hold given him existent and true cognition. As Truman becomes more and more acquainted with the unreal universe he lives in. it is most likely the instance that his consciousness will reflect what he has been able to see in his universe. Furthermore. LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s presupposition of the head as ab initio devoid of any substance or of any thoughts and that our heads would finally hold to get thoughts through experience and interaction with the universe explains the instance of Truman turning up in an unreal universe. Since Truman was born and grew up in the conjectural universe of Seahaven. Locke would presuppose that the cognition of Truman as he grows would be purely confined or limited to the cognition that is available in that universe. Hence. it would instead be rather impossible for Truman to get at any other cognition other than the unreal 1s in his unreal universe. The Ã¢â¬ËblankÃ¢â¬â¢ head of Truman from his birth has been seemingly filled and etched with unreal cognition along his life-time in that conjectural kingdom. One interesting point. nevertheless. is the thought that even though for the people outside Seahaven. they may handle TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s cognition as unreal piece. on the other manus. the Truman may handle his cognition as existent cognition because he is incognizant of the external universe that watches his every move. The footing for stating that TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s cognition is unreal or is non existent is that there is an external universe which knows for a fact that Truman is populating in an unreal society filled with people holding unreal societal connexions and relationships. For the portion of Truman. he may really good hold no such thought and that all he may be cognizant of is that the manner in which he understands his environing environment is every bit existent as it can be. John Locke may really good reason that. so. the lone manner for Truman to get cognition. whether unreal or existent. is through his experiences. If Truman gets to see unreal things around him. so it must be the instance that he gets to hold unreal cognition utilizing the external universe as the footing for the world of cognition. LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s thought that the head is able to get thoughts through experience has with it a certain signifier of disadvantage. That is. if one is acute to sing unreal things in an unreal universe. the greatest danger is that one will be holding unreal cognition. Therefore. to populate in an unreal universe and to see the things in it is to obtain unreal cognition. In the existent universe. the same besides holds true and that experience is important to the formation of human cognition. Mention Schwoerer. L. G. ( 1990 ) . Locke. Lockean Ideas. and the Glorious Revolution.Journal of the History of Ideas. 51( 4 ) . 531-548.
Monday, February 24, 2020
Living Longer than Expected - Essay Example The main reason life expectancy has increased is the improvement in medicine in general, with particular emphasis on the development of brand-new drugs during the 20th Century, namely antibiotics. The influence of these remarkable drugs can be summed up in a single fact: more people are saved in a single year from antibiotics than the c.100,000,000 who were killed in wars during the whole of the Twentieth Century (Cooter, 2002). Ironically, the final push towards the development of antibiotics occurred because of the mortality rates from infections within soldiers during the worst of those wars, WWII (Cooter, 2002). Together with the development of antibiotics to treat infections, another whole class of drugs - vaccinations, were developed and perfected during the century. One of the worst killers of previous centuries had been tuberculosis, By the middle of the century it was virtually a fading memory in much of the developed world because of the invention and perfection of a simple, safe vaccine (Bloom, 2002. Together with other vaccinations a whole host of deadly diseases were virtually wiped out, ensuring far more children survived into the relatively healthy adult years. Improved sanitation and nutrition also helped to increase life expectancy in the first half of the century. In the last decades of the Twentieth Century the increased efficacy of medicine treating serious diseases from cancer to heart disease has enabled older people to live through conditions that would have previously killed them. Operations such as bypass surgery, transplantation and a whole array of new drugs have increased life-expectancy. While the current "obesity epidemic" (nih, 2006) may slow the increase in life expectancy, it is clear that babies being born today may well have a lifespan approach an average of ninety. This is an extraordinary situation: the doubling of life expectancy over a single century. Present Effects of Increased Longevity The present effects of increased vary from those that are fairly obvious, such as more old people, to those a little more intangible, such as changes in marriage patterns. The effects of increased lifespan on the health industry are profound. While advances in medicine are largely accountable for longevity, the healthcare industry also bears the brunt of the pressures that are created by the changing demographics of its patients. Old people tend to become sick more often, and the nature of their care is also different: Population aging can have an important impact on health expenditures (both public and private) as well as on the optimal design of health care systems. The technologies associated with diseases of the old tend to be more expensive than the technologies associated with diseases of the young. (James, 1999) Also, about 30 of healthcare costs now stem from treatment in the last six months of life (nih, 2006). These were people (often old) who would normally have died in earlier times. Ethical questions regarding